Farming of Cucumber in Nigeria: Step by Step Guide

Farming of Cucumber in Nigeria: Step by Step Guide

You will agree with me that cucumber Is a very popular kind of green vegetable in the country today, it not only popular but it is has a kind of tender that is been consumed by virtually every tribe in the country as well.

The farming of cucumber is unknown to some persons that it is a very lucrative kind of business due to the popularity of the plant in the country. So there is certainly readily available market for you as a cucumber farmer.

From my current research, 70% of all cucumber been consumed In this country is been produce in northern region of the country; however, there are not constrains to where you can actually cultivate this type of plants.

The vegetable has a plethora of health benefits. Most times it is been consumed raw or it can also be used alongside other vegetables as salad. Cucumber is enriched with potassium, folate, vitamin C and calcium. Also, it is low in calorie and this is an excellent option for those that are trying to lose weight. Some of the proven benefits of cucumber is listed below so let’s look at them in turns.

  1. Cancer prevention
  2. Oral Health
  3. Eye Health
  4. Brain Health
  5. Energy
  6. Digestive Health
  7. Weight loss


From our research we have found out that the antioxidant effect of cucumber can help to heal any type of mouth sores and gum disease which can associated with bad breath as well..


Cucumber can be placed on either eyes when it is sliced.. And this has been associated with the reduction of under- eyes bags and puffiness.


The green plant cucumber contains an anti-inflammatory substances that improves memory and as well protects the human nerves cells in the brain. In other words the green plant cucumber may as well protect against diseases that is associated with progressive memory loss.


Cucumber is mainly packed with vitamin B.. Such vitamins are as follows. Vitamin B1, B5 and as well B7.. These vitamins help to also boost your energy level and also reduce the negative impact of stress on the body.


Also be informed that the green plant cucumber is very reach in potassium and when you have potassium at optimal levels it has been linked with lower blood pressure. This is the chief reason why cucumber is very good for hypertensive patients.


Cucumber contains fiber and also 95% water.. The content of the fiber in it also helps to move food quickly through your digestive system in returns aiding quick digestion.



Cucumber is known to have low calorie food that helps to make you feel full for a longer period of time so you don’t even need to eat and eat which is a necessity in in terms of weight management.

Pertaining to business venture, there are specific planning that need to be put into confederation before commencing cucumber farming business. And these things that need to be considered are as follows:

  • Where to Plant
  • When to plant
  • How to plant

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when you are done with planting process, you should have a strategy in place to reach your target market at their locations. Be informed that your potential market is very important because this prevent your cucumbers from staying too long on the farm after harvesting.

This article was conceived to make the process of cucumber farming easy for you. It project a laid down step by step guide on how you can be successful as a cucumber farmer in Nigeria.

Site Selection

Cucumber farming can be grown in any part of the country so it doesn’t really matter where you’re located. However, there are some things to consider about the soil. Ideally, the soil should be loamy or clay and the land should have adequate access to water (H2O). The pH of the soil should be fairly neutral or slightly alkaline (close to 7.0).  NOTE that the the larger your farm land, the greater your yield. Cucumber farming in Nigeria

Land Preparation

The land should be cleared off grass and weeds removed too.  please be informed that Herbicides shouldn’t be used to weed the farm land because these chemicals can affect the quality of the soil as well as your crop which is the the cucumber.

Seed Selection

Seed selection in cucumber planting, is one of the first things you should do once you’ve decided to become a cucumber farmer. in Most times, the seeds can be sourced locally. Seeds from Europe or America are not suitable for Nigeria climate. However, seeds can be imported from Thailand since their climate is similar to the Nigerian climate.


Cucumber can be planted at any time of the year. The plants generally needs adequate water to thrive and as well survive its growth. so if you’re planting during the dry season, there should be an irrigation system in place to ensure sufficient water supply. Cucumber farming in Nigeria

Post Planting

After planting, it is necessary to support the growing plant with stakes or pillars. This is because cucumber plants are climbers by nature and they require the necessary support for optimal growth.

Irrigation helps to promote the growth of cucumber. In fact, light irrigation increases the effectiveness of herbicides used in weed control. Irrigation is particularly important during fruit development.


Cucumbers are harvested when they are immature and green in color. They shouldn’t be harvested when the cucumber is ripe. It takes about 40 to 45 days for the cucumber to mature. However the time taken to mature depends on the variety of cucumber seed planted.Harvesting is usually done manually and the cucumber should be handled with care to prevent bruises. Once the cucumber is harvested, wash them quickly in a bowl of water and arrange them carefully in a bag for sale. Cucumber should be stored in a cool place with a relative humidity of 95%.


Once the cucumbers have been harvested, there should be a defined process in place to move the fruit from the farm to the market.

I do hope this article about the cucumber farming business finds you well.. please do ensure to use the comment box below to share your views and as well do share this information with your friends on social media like Facebook and whats app etc..Cucumber farming in Nigeria

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